Milling spindles, as the main spindle of tool machines, are responsible for machine cutting a workpiece.
Various tool interfaces are used to accommodate the milling tool, such as, for example, HSK (hollow shaft taper) or SK (quick-release taper).
Turning spindles are used for machine-cutting of workpieces. They can also be referred to as workpiece spindles, as the workpiece is clamped via the chuck of the lathe spindle. The rotating workpiece is machined by the tool attached to the driven machine axis.
A grinding spindle is one of the items that are often concerned about. As one of the important components of modern machine tools, there are many types of spindles, which can be divided into belt driven, gear driven, motor built-in, and direct driven, etc. according to the spindle driven mechanism.
Wood cutting spindle – orientation of the wood grain, relative to the axis of the lathe, affects the tools and techniques used by the woodturner. In spindle turning, the grain